Advances in Health and Behavior 2022-09-28T09:13:17+08:00 Snowy Wang Open Journal Systems <p><a title="Registered Journal" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="journalreviewercredits" src="/journal/public/site/images/jasongong/Logo_ReviewerCredits-journal.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" align="right"></a><strong>Advances in Health and Behavior (AHB)</strong> (ISSN: 2630-466X) published biannually, is an international peer reviewed journal that publishes empirical and theoretical articles that apply sociological concepts and methods to the understanding of health and illness and the organization of medicine and health care.</p> <p>Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:&nbsp;<br>• Health policy management and behavioral health<br>• Medical behavior, medical humanities and doctor-patient relationship<br>• Psychological behavior and quality of life<br>• Physical illness and mental health<br>• Public health and behavioral health<br>• The clinical diagnosis and treatment and behavior management<br>• Psychological behavioral health diagnosis and assessment<br>• Psychological behavior intervention and treatment&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>• Behavioral medicine and nursing and functional rehabilitation<br>• The behavioral medicine research<br>• Behavioral medicine and other interdisciplinary<br>• Smoke and health<br>• Drink and health<br>• Sleep and health</p> Sleep deprivation: A toxicogenic drive for neurodegenerative diseases and public health issue 2022-09-28T09:13:17+08:00 Onyenmechi Johnson Afonne Emeka Chinedu Ifediba Anulika Johnson Afonne <p>Sleep deprivation is gradually becoming a common phenomenon in modern societies, especially among chronic users of social media, night shifts workers, students and some less-privileged populations. The erroneous perception among certain subgroups of the population that time spent to sleep is time wasted is of great concern, because sleep is indeed critical for good health and survival. Of greater concern are the effects of alcohol, beverages like caffeine, and environmental toxicants like heavy metals and pesticides, on normal sleep mechanisms. The consequences of sleep disorder are dire as it alters immune responses and have been reported to increase the risk of some non-communicable diseases. The inter-individual differences in sleep requirements may present a challenge in determining adequate sleep duration. On the average, most adults need about seven to eight hours of sleep each night while teens and children need more. Accumulation of sleep debt for individuals sleeping less than the required sleeping duration may lead to chronic health and behavioural problems. We opine that the mechanisms underlying sleep disruption by some foods and toxicants have toxicogenic link. There is need, therefore, to consider sleep deprivation as a public health issue with a view to ensuring proper advocacy among risk groups in order to improve quality of life and economy of nations. Given the prevalence of alcohol and caffeine consumption, exposures to heavy metals and pesticides, and increasing neurodegenerative disorders, there is need to elucidate the precise mechanisms of sleep disruption and exposures to the aforementioned chemicals.</p> 2022-09-19T15:29:45+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Quality of life of people with epilepsy at a tertiary referral centre in Goma, in the DRC 2022-09-09T18:41:50+08:00 François Maheshe Polepole Olivier Mukuku Franck Shongo Omangelo Alfred Chasumba Murhula Marcellin Bugeme Théophile Barhwamire Kabesha Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama Zacharie Kibendelwa Tsongo <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>This study aims to determine the quality of life (QOL) related to the health of people with epilepsy (PWE) followed in ambulatory care at the Neuropsychiatric Hospital Center in Goma, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. <br><strong>Methods:<em>&nbsp;</em></strong> A total of 302 adults with epilepsy followed in ambulatory care at the Neuropsychiatric Hospital Center in Goma were interviewed in this cross-sectional study. The QOL was measured using a validated French-language version of the Quality of Life in Epilepsy-31 inventory (QOLIE-31). <br><strong>Results:</strong> The mean age was 28.4±11.0 years and 56.9% were males. The mean total QOLIE-31 score was 47.7±11.0. The highest subscale score was overall QOL with a mean of 57.5±15.0 and the lowest was medication effects with 39.7±27.5. Unemployment, presence of seizures, tobacco use, and co-morbidities (medical or psychiatric) significantly affected QOL (p &lt; 0.05). All QOL subscales showed a significant correlation with seizure frequency, except for medication effects. <br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Worrying about seizures had the major contribution to QOL, while the medication effects had the least. This study confirms the importance of seizure control for better QOL in Congolese PWE.</p> 2022-09-09T14:33:37+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An intervention study examining the effectiveness of loving kindness meditation in reducing depressive symptoms: Compassionate coping as a mediator? 2022-08-05T09:09:37+08:00 Mike Silhan <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To explore&nbsp;whether the LKM intervention has the potential to decrease depression and increase self-compassion. Self-compassionate coping was examined as a mediating variable. <br><strong>Methods: </strong>A sample of 57 university students underwent a pretest-posttest design. Self-compassion was measured with the Self-Compassion Scale, depression with the Patient Health Questionnaire – 9, and self-compassionate coping was assessed using the Self-Compassionate Coping Measure. Participants completed all measures at both pre and posttest. Between both measurement moments there were 12 days in which participants followed either the LKM or a control exercise daily. Repeated measures ANOVAs and a simple mediation analysis were performed. <br><strong>Results: </strong>Over time, both groups decreased in their depression and increased in their self-compassion scores. Assignment to the LKM condition did not result in significantly higher self-compassion scores compared to control. We found a significant effect of LKM for depressive symptoms only when controlling for successfully completed homework exercises. Self-Compassionate coping did not emerge as significant mediator in our statistical analysis. <br><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The results indicate a mixed picture regarding the efficacy of LKM in reducing depression and increasing self-compassion. Both conditions were possibly too similar and involved helpful elements. Further research into the antidepressant utility of LKM is warranted to understand the exact mechanisms of action.</p> 2022-07-27T18:16:56+08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##