Materials Engineering Research <p><a title="Registered Journal" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="journalreviewercredits" src="/journal/public/site/images/jasongong/Logo_ReviewerCredits-journal.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" align="right"></a><strong>Materials Engineering Research&nbsp;</strong> (ISSN: 2630-4503) is an open access, continuously published, international, refereed&nbsp; journal in material field, publishing material science method, technology, and characterization, relevant to material engineering, as broadly defined.</p> <p>Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:<br>• Material synthesis and processing<br>• Material Structure<br>• Material Crystallography<br>• Material Properties<br>• Material Application<br>• New Materials <br>• Emerging technologies in material engineering</p> SyncSci Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore en-US Materials Engineering Research 2630-4503 <p>Authors contributing to&nbsp;<em>Materials Engineering Research</em>&nbsp;agree to publish their articles under the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License</a>, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear.</p> Load-induced local phase transformation and modulus of shape memory alloys under spherical indentation by finite element method <p>Shape memory alloys are a unique class of materials that are capable of large reversible deformations under external stimuli such as stress or temperature. The present study examines the phase transformations and mechanical responses of NiTi and NiTiHf shape memory alloys under the loading of a spherical indenter by using a finite element model. It is found that the indentation unloading curves exhibit distinct changes in slopes due to the reversible phase transformations in the SMAs. The normalized contact stiffness (F/S<sup>2</sup>) of the SMAs varies with the indentation load (depth) as opposed to being constant for conventional single-phase materials. The load-induced phase transformation that occurred under the spherical indenter was simulated numerically. It is observed that the phase transformation phenomenon in the SMA induced by an indentation load is distinctly different from that induced by a uniaxial load. A pointed indenter produces a localized deformation, resulting in a stress (load) gradient in the specimen. As a result, the transformation of phases in SMAs induced by an indenter can only be partially completed. The overall modulus of the SMAs varies continuously with the indentation load (depth) as the average volumetric fraction of the martensite phase varies. For NiTi (E<sub>a&nbsp;</sub>&gt; E<sub>m</sub>), the modulus decreases with the depth, while for NiTiHf (E<sub>a&nbsp;</sub>&lt; E<sub>m</sub>), the modulus increases with the depth. The predicted young modules during indentation modeling agree well with experimental results. Finally, the phase transformation of the SMAs under the indenter is not affected by the post-yield behavior of the materials.</p> Sayed Ehsan Saghaian Y. C. Lu Sayed M. Saghaian Haluk E. Karaca ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-06-14 2023-06-14 5 1 256 264 10.25082/MER.2023.01.002 Utilization of textile fabric waste as reinforcement for composite materials in car body applications: A review <p>Materials are one of the basic elements or needs for continuing human beings’ life living and they are used for structural and nonstructural, biomedical, thermal, or other applications. In many types of materials, Composite materials are used in different sectors. The increasing need for eco-friendly, low-density, and lightweight product production prompted the development of fiber-reinforced polymer composites for usage in a variety of home items and automobile parts. The automobile manufacturing sectors have recently attempted to manufacture lighter and lighter parts. Shortly, automobiles must be lighter to meet demands for lower fuel usage and fewer CO<sub>2</sub> emissions. On the other side that textile waste is still simply thrown into a landfill in the environment resulting in and causing pollution. So, the objective of this review was to show the ability of these waste materials used as reinforcing material for composite fabrication products like car hoods, Car bumpers, and lightweight automotive parts.&nbsp; also, it tries to explain the roles of lightweight materials for automotive body parts and also the reduction of wastes in the textile industry by recycling and converting them into useable products, making the environment free of pollution. This waste reduction is a current world issue.</p> Melese Shiferaw Asmamaw Tegegne Assefa Asmare ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-11-08 2023-11-08 5 1 279 290 10.25082/MER.2023.01.004 Revolutionizing energy storage: Overcoming challenges and unleashing the potential of next generation Lithium-ion battery technology <p>Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries have become the leading energy storage technology, powering a wide range of applications in today's electrified world. This comprehensive review paper delves into the current challenges and innovative solutions driving the supercharged future of lithium-ion batteries. It scrutinizes the limitations of energy density in existing batteries, exploring advanced electrode materials and designs that promise higher capacity. Safety concerns take center stage, with a focus on cutting-edge thermal management systems and materials. The imperative of sustainable sourcing is addressed, highlighting alternative materials and recycling strategies for a greener supply chain. Transformative breakthroughs, such as solid-state electrolytes and emerging battery chemistries, offer glimpses of the future. The paper also examines the applications and market perspectives of lithium-ion batteries in electric vehicles, portable electronics, and renewable energy storage. It concludes by emphasizing the transformative potential of lithium-ion batteries in accelerating the energy revolution and paving the way for a sustainable energy future.</p> Md. Dipu Ahmed Kazi Madina Maraz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-07-04 2023-07-04 5 1 265 278 10.25082/MER.2023.01.003 Polymer electrolyte design strategies for high-performance and safe lithium-ion batteries: Recent developments and future prospects <p>Although lithium-ion batteries have gained widespread use in high-performance and mobile industries, concerns about their safety due to the low boiling point of their organic liquid electrolyte have posed challenges to their further development. In response, solid polymer electrolytes have emerged as a promising alternative, characterized by low flammability, flexibility, and high safety relative to liquid electrolytes. However, commercialization has been hindered by limitations in Li-ion conductivity and mechanical properties. Recent research efforts have focused on addressing these limitations to improve the performance and safety of polymer-based Li-ion batteries. This review discusses the utilization of polymer materials to enhance battery safety and overcome previous challenges, with a particular emphasis on the design of robust artificial interfaces to increase battery stability. Furthermore, we discuss the prospects for the future of polymer-based battery industries.</p> Md. Dipu Ahmed Kazi Madina Maraz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2023-05-19 2023-05-19 5 1 245 255 10.25082/MER.2023.01.001