Materials Engineering Research <p><a title="Registered Journal" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/journal/public/site/images/jasongong/Logo_ReviewerCredits-journal.jpg" alt="" width="17%" align="right"></a><strong>Materials Engineering Research&nbsp;</strong> (ISSN: 2630-4503) is a broad ranging, international peer reviewed journal in material field, publishing material science method, technology, and characterization, relevant to material engineering, as broadly defined.</p> <p>Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:<br>--Material synthesis and processing<br>--Material Structure<br>--Material Crystallography<br>--Material Properties<br>--Material Application<br>--New Materials <br>--Emerging technologies in material engineering</p> SyncSci Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore en-US Materials Engineering Research 2630-4503 <p>Authors contributing to&nbsp;<em>Materials Engineering Research</em>&nbsp;agree to publish their articles under the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License</a>, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear.</p> Structural, electrical, and magnetic characterization of (1-x)BaTiO3-x Ni0.6Zn0.4Fe2O4 multiferroic ceramic composites <p>In the present work, pure BaTiO<sub>3,</sub> pure Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> and (1-x)BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-xNi<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> (where x = 0.15, 0.25 &amp; 0.35) multiferroic composites were synthesized through solid-state sintering scheme. Structural, microstructural, ferroelectric, and ferromagnetic analysis was performed. Both tetragonal perovskite phase (for BaTiO<sub>3 </sub>ferroelectric phase) and cubic spinel ferrite phase (for Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> ferromagnetic phase) were simultaneously presented within each composite. The ferrite phase exhibited a smaller crystallite size compared to the ferroelectric phase. All of the composites demonstrated homogenous irregular-shaped grains. The measured average grain size for 0.85BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-0.15Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub>, 0.75BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-0.25Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub>, 0.65BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-0.35Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4</sub> were 364.14 nm, 378.46 nm and 351.62nm, whereas the density values were 3.04g/cm<sup>3</sup>, 3.20g/cm<sup>3</sup> and 3.13 g/cm<sup>3</sup> for x = 0.35, 0.25, 0.15 respectively. However, the heterogenous microstructure was observed for all of the compositions. The composites exhibited an oval-shaped lossy capacitor hysteresis loop. However, 0.75BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-0.25Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4 </sub>composite showed the highest remnant polarization (11.613 μC/cm<sup>2</sup>) and coercive field value (1.526 kV/cm), ensuring its usability for switching applications. In addition, 0.75BaTiO<sub>3</sub>-0.25Ni<sub>0.6</sub>Zn<sub>0.4</sub>Fe<sub>2</sub>O<sub>4 </sub>also exhibited the maximum saturation (M<sub>s</sub>= 1.732 emu/g) and remnant magnetization (M<sub>r</sub>= 0.025 emu/g) among the composites. Nevertheless, all of the composites derived 'wasp-waisted' hysteresis loops due to the presence of either superparamagnetic (SPM) particles or a mixer of a single domain (SD) and superparamagnetic particles.</p> Golam Mowla Nabid Hossain M. Humayan Kabir M. Jahidul Haque M. Mintu Ali M. Abdul Kaiyum M. S. Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 3 1 133 143 10.25082/MER.2021.01.002 Morphology and structure study of polygon ZnO nanorods: Biomedical applications <p>In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) were first synthesized using co-precipitation method in the presence of Zn(NO<sub>3</sub>)<sub>2</sub>.6H<sub>2</sub>O precursor and calcined at different temperature of 450 <sup>o</sup>C and 1000 <sup>o</sup>C. Samples were then characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The XRD study revealed the hexagonal wurtzite structure for annealed samples. SEM images showed tthat he morphology of the ZnO NPs changed from sphere-like shape to polygon shape by increasing temperature. The exact size of NPs were measured by TEM analysis about 40 nm for as-prepared samples. The EDS analysis demonstrated an increasing level of Zn element from 28.5 wt% to 50.8 wt% for as-synthesized and annealed samples, respectively.</p> Parastoo Khalili Majid Farahmandjou ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-04-20 2021-04-20 3 1 125 132 10.25082/MER.2021.01.001