Resources and Environmental Economics <p><a title="Registered Journal" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img class="journalreviewercredits" src="/journal/public/site/images/jasongong/Logo_ReviewerCredits-journal.jpg" alt="ReviewerCredits" align="right"></a><strong>Resources and Environmental Economics (REE)</strong>&nbsp;(ISSN:2630-4457) is an international peer-reviewed journal to discuss, analyze and evaluate the trend of resources economics and environmental economics. With the deterioration of resource shortage and polluted environment, this journal encourages to apply economic theory and method to natural issues. Submissions of original research, review article, commentary, perspective, opinion, as well as critical article in the field addressed would all be welcomed.</p> <p>Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:<br>• Resources economics<br>• Environmental economics<br>• Sustainable development<br>• Policy formulation, impact and response<br>• Management strategies<br>• Environmental quality indicators<br>• Modelling and simulation<br>• Renewable energy commercialization<br>• Environmental certification and audit</p> SyncSci Publishing Pte Ltd, Singapore en-US Resources and Environmental Economics 2630-4457 <p>Authors contributing to&nbsp;<em>Resources and Environmental Economics</em>&nbsp;agree to publish their articles under the&nbsp;<a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License</a>, allowing third parties to share their work (copy, distribute, transmit) and to adapt it, under the condition that the authors are given credit, that the work is not used for commercial purposes, and that in the event of reuse or distribution, the terms of this license are made clear.</p> Digitalization of the economy: Social threats <p>The article analyzes the hidden threats to society associated with the development of the digital economy. Shown are the main problems that digital can bring to social life and the fate of an individual worker. Chief among these concerns is that with the further digital transformation of the economy, more and more jobs could &nbsp;threatened with extinction. The disappearance of old jobs this time will not accompanied by the emergence of new ones. A situation may arise when the workers released due to digitalization will become not only unemployed, but also generally inoperable. A global question arises - what to do with those, who do not work, and what to support them for?</p> Ashot A. Khachaturyan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-03 2022-08-03 4 2 360 366 10.25082/REE.2022.02.002 Mediation model of media determinants of water rates <p>The press, by spreading the availability of resources, shortages linked with preservation.&nbsp;In this sense, the work explores nine briefings from 2019 to 2022 published in national newspapers regarding the lack&nbsp;of&nbsp;supply, quality, benefit, punishment and discomfort as&nbsp;a&nbsp;consequence of the water situation in a demarcation east of Mexico City. This finding was considered as evidence of a moderate degree of media coverage the press regarding the problems arising from water shortages.&nbsp;From the results discussed its implications with other studies conducted in the demarcation.</p> José Marcos Bustos Aguayo Cruz García Lirios Víctor Hugo Meriño Córdoba Javier Carreón Guillén Miguel Bautista Miranda Margarita Juárez Nájera Francisco Rubén Sandoval Vázquez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-08-01 2022-08-01 4 2 343 359 10.25082/REE.2022.02.001 Socioeconomic and environmental impact of exploitation of hydrocarbons in maritime areas: The case of Greece <p>The exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons in a maritime area have considerable social, economic and environmental impact. Despite the relevance of the topic, accurate analyses on the exact social and environmental impact of the extraction of hydrocarbons are sparse. Companies-shareholders are mainly concerned about the profit deriving from such kind of activities, while national leaders are mainly concerned about their national constituencies, since they preside over national economies and pursue national interests. On the other side, NGO’s are mainly focused on the downsides of natural resources development. Taking into account some characteristic examples of extraction and monetisation of hydrocarbons discovered in maritime areas similar to Greece, the paper tries to identify their impact in the specific circumstances of Greece and to contribute the highly topical discussion about the utility of development of hydrocarbons resources in Greece.</p> Andreas Stergiou ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-08 2022-06-08 4 2 333 342 10.25082/REE.2022.01.006 Book Review: Hanieh, Adam. 'Money, Markets, and Monarchies'. Cambridge University Press, 2018 <p>The GCC region can offer a significant research reservoir for academic research about its development as a global key financial key player. Precisely, the GCC's political econmy has been witnessing significant shifts that&nbsp; enhanced economic growth rates in this hub.&nbsp; Hanieh's book <em>Money, Markets,</em><em> and Monarchies</em><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong>attempts&nbsp; to detach this block from misconceptions which reduced it to a nere source of abundant hydrocarbon resources and fuse this block to the international financing system. In order to fulfill the mission of this book, Hanieh anaylzes the economic arms, financial strategies , and devices that ehance the GCC's role in the global financial system. Hanieh's book is thought-provoking and insightful for scholars interested in the GCC region from an economic and financial facets.&nbsp;</p> Sarah Muhanna Al Naimi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-06-07 2022-06-07 4 2 331 332 10.25082/REE.2022.01.005 Social representations hydric resources and services in the COVID-19 era <p>Water problems focused on scarcity, shortages, unhealthiness and high cost have been addressed from the social representations of users of the public drinking water service, although such studies have avoided the incidence of print media on readers. The objective of the present work was to specify a model for the study of the phenomenon, considering a review of press releases of national circulation during the period from 2015 to 2022, as well as the inclusion of frames in the disseminated information. A prevalence of the data was observed towards an intermediate frame of the problems, although the research design limited the results to the study scenario, suggesting the extension of the work to other scenarios such as the contamination of the aquifers and their effects on health Environmental public.</p> José Marcos Bustos Aguayo Francisco Rubén Sandoval Vázquez Cruz García Lirios Michiko Amemiya Ramirez Margarita Juárez Nájera Héctor Daniel Molina Ruíz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2022-04-19 2022-04-19 4 2 325 330 10.25082/REE.2022.01.004 Human capital in the digital economy <p>The article analyzes the threats to human capital arising in connection with the development of the digital economy. The main problems, that digital can bring to public life and the fate of an individual worker are shown. According to the author, the labor market in the digital age makes new demands on the human capital of workers in almost all industries. The formation of a digital economic order, including automation, robotization and digitalization of almost all spheres of life, in the near future will leave on the labor market mostly “complex” professions of the “Knowledge” category with a creative component. Technological changes and the digitalization of the economy will lead to the fact that the knowledge and skills of workers will become so outdated that no retraining of them will be able to rectify the situation. One of the main problems is that with the further digital transformation of the economy, more and more jobs may be threatened with extinction, and the disappearance of old jobs this time will not be accompanied by the emergence of new ones. A situation may arise when the workers released due to digitalization will become not only unemployed, but generally not in demand by social production. A global question arises - what should they be kept for? Another problem is that with global digitalization, the danger of "digital" degradation of human intelligence is very high. Digital increasingly crowds out live communication, limiting the possibilities of developing a person's creative potential, as a result of which a qualitative transformation of human intelligence takes place.&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Another question arises - how to support the intellectual development of a person, and what to do with those who do not work?</p> Ashot A. Khachaturyan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-23 2021-11-23 4 2 314 324 10.25082/REE.2022.01.002 Steadily progress into the future <p>Thirty three manuscripts were contributed by 71 authors: 14 authors are from China; 11 from Fiji; 5 from Iran, Russia, Italy, and Bangladesh; 4 from Australia; 3 from the USA, and Philippines; 2 from Turkey, Canada, India, Germany, Ukraine, and Madagascar; and 1 from Indonesia, France, Belgium, and Cameroon. REE is an international and interdisciplinary Journal. I hope REE will be indexed in some authority academic databases such as Web of Science, Scopus, <em>etc</em>. in the future.</p> Muammer Kaya, Editor-in-Chief ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-16 2021-11-16 4 2 312 313 10.25082/REE.2022.01.001 Determinants of domestic energy prices in Nigeria (1980-2020) <p>The study examined the factors that influence the domestic &nbsp;prices of petroleum using the price of premium motor spirit (PMS) in Nigeria from 1980 to 2020. The study employed Autoregressive Distributed Lag model for the data analysis. The scope of the data used from the analysis of the study ranges from 1980 to 2020. The study found out that there exist a positive relationship between &nbsp;petroleum pump price and &nbsp;inflation and the result is statistically significant at 5% level of significance. The study also discovered that both oil output and oil import are the prime factors affecting the prices of domestic energy in Nigeria. The study recommended that our refineries should be put in good shape so we can save the cost of having to export to other countries for refining as this contributed to the high cost of selling the product in Nigeria. The study also recommended diversification of the economy in favour of the real sectors as this will help provide more goods for exports thereby improving on the balance of payment.</p> Ologbenla Patrick ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 4 2 305 311 10.25082/REE.2021.02.006 Formation of platform economy of necessary needs based on energy economic equivalent <p>Recently, many non-state money systems have appeared based on digital cryptocurrencies. The disadvantages of digital cryptocurrencies are the separation from real production, the inequality of participants, the lack of control by state bodies, and the security problem. Digital money becomes full-fledged only when it is connected with the real economy and financially secured. The author proposes the introduction of a material digital energy economic equivalent. Based on the digital energy of the economic equivalent, it is proposed to form a digital high-tech platform economy of healthy needs, like the economy of the future. Platform economy is an economic activity based on platforms, which are understood as online systems that provide comprehensive standard solutions for interaction between users, including commercial transactions and innovative solutions. It is proposed to measure the efficiency of the future economy by economic energy intensity. Energy intensity is represented by a certain amount of energy of economic equivalent, in accordance with the law of energy conservation. Reliance on a materially supported digital energy economic equivalent, as a new currency, makes a digital high-tech platform economy of healthy needs synergistic, efficient, sustainable, safe, ecological, open, controlled by society, without speculative operations, health supportive, accurately measured through digital energy intensity. Material digital energy intensity will avoid the speculative shortcomings of existing digital money systems. To this end, governments establish a procedure for regulating the energy economy with an economic equivalent, as an impact on public relations in order to streamline and stabilize them, in order to realize the necessary needs of society in accordance with the available resources. In an era of energy deficit, a transition to an economy with energy of economic equivalent will lead to the optimal use of energy. Market competition will help create less energy-intensive technologies and energy-efficient offerings to meet demand. An environmental economy based on energy of economic equivalent can acquire international status.</p> Evgeniy Bryndin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-27 2021-10-27 4 2 297 304 10.25082/REE.2021.02.005 Evaluation of energy consumption and CO₂ emission in a standard traditional building located in tropical region, a case of Madagascar Island <p>Energy demand varies depending on the location chosen for construction. The main objective of this research is to analyze the bioclimatic potential of different climatic zones in different regions of Madagascar. For this, this research assesses and compares the indoor air temperature, the energy requirement, the carbon emission and the relative humidity in a traditional building commonly found in cities in sub-Saharan Africa, which was designed to be placed in four cities unevenly distributed in four climatic zones of Madagascar. In order to achieve this goal, hourly meteorological data for the past thirty years has been analyzed for two seasons (dry season and rainy season). At the same time, the adaptive comfort model defined by ASHRAE 55 served as a reference for evaluating the different potentials of passive design. The results showed that by 2030 the need for energy is expected to increase globally in these different cities studied. Like other countries around the world, it is recommended that countries in Sub-Saharan Africa conduct more of this kind of energy. Study in order to establish a construction standard specific to this region of the world.</p> Vanona Noelson Jean Christophe Raminosoa Chrysostome Modeste Kameni Nematchoua ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-10-07 2021-10-07 4 2 286 296 10.25082/REE.2021.02.004