Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Suitable but not optimal: Construction of a stepped functional model for the hub-type social organization's due diligence in China

Main Article Content

Xiaoping Zhao corresponding author
Yu Bi


The fulfillment of duties and responsibilities of hub-type social organizations is of great significance to promote social organizations' participation in social governance innovation. This study summarizes the function of hub-type social organizations into a three-level pyramidal stepped functional model. Different from traditional theoretical explanations, this study believes that the key factors affecting the quality of due diligence of hub-type social organizations are not the pros and cons of professional ability, resource environment or operating mechanism, but the matching degree between these three conditions and the functions of hub-type social organizations. If the matching degree is low, even if the conditions of the hub-type social organization are very good, it is easy to fall into the dilemma of inability to perform duties, which can be called "structural dislocation"; on the contrary, if the degree of matching is high, even if the conditions are very weak, the hub-type social organization can also perform their duties smoothly.

hub-type social organization, functional dilemma, structural dislocation, stepped functional model

Article Details

Author Biography

Xiaoping Zhao, Institute of Sociology, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Associate Researcher, PhD in Non-Profit Management, research fields include non-profit organizations, social work and community governance.

Supporting Agencies
This work was supported by the project ''Hub Failure: A Study on the Paradoxical Phenomenon of Hub-Type Social Organizations Participating in Social Governance'' (Project No. 2020ZLJHZX-07) from Dunhe Bamboo Fellow Program.
How to Cite
Zhao, X., & Bi, Y. (2022). Suitable but not optimal: Construction of a stepped functional model for the hub-type social organization’s due diligence in China. Social Work and Social Welfare, 4(1), 197-205.


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