Health and Environment (HE) (ISSN: 2661-3034) is a broad ranging, open access journal aimed at analyze and introduce the relationship between environment and health from different angles and levels. Health and Enviroment publishes high quality special report, investigations, techniques and methods, supervision and monitoring, reviews, communications.

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to the following:
--Air quality
--Health impact assessment
--Occupational health
--Urban health
--Chemical safety
--Housing and health
--Preventive Medicine and hygienics
--Water and sanitation
--Climate change
--Transport and health

Vol 2 No 1 (2021)

Published: 2021-05-27

Abstract views: 206   PDF downloads: 66  

Page 84-95

Levels of heavy metals in soils and food crops cultivated within selected mining sites in Ebonyi State, Nigeria

blankpage David Okechukwu Okeke, Jonathan Chinenye Ifemeje

The level of heavy metals (Fe, Cu, As, Pb, Cd, Mg, Ca, Hg, Ni, Cr, Zn, Ag, Co, Mo, Se and Al) in soils and food crops (okra, cassava and rice) cultivated within selected mining sites in Ebonyi State, Nigeria were determined using FS240AA Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) according to the method of American Public Health Association (APHA). Soil samples were collected from Enyigba mining site, Ikwo mining site, AmeriAmekamining site, Izza mining site, MkpumeAkwatakwa mining site and MpumeAkwaokuku mining site while the food crop samples (okra, cassava and rice) were collected from the farmlands within the mining sites. Control samples were collected 500m away from the mining destinations were there was no evidence of mining activities on the soils. A total of sixty sub-samples and six control soil samples were collected for this study. Generally, the values of all the heavy metals analyzed for soil and food crop samples were higher than the values recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO), and those from the control site suggesting possible mobility of the metals from mining sites to farmlands through leaching and runoffs. The findings in this study also revealed that the food crops contain heavy metals exceeding the maximum permissible concentration, and could be detrimental to human health when they are consumed.

Abstract views: 283   PDF downloads: 106  

Page 68-83

The short-term and long-term effects of industrial pollution on human health in China

blankpage Huali Xiang, Jun Yang, Youye Zhang

The impact of environmental pollution on human health has become a consensus. Based on the provincial panel data of China from 2002 to 2017, this paper analyzes the impact of industrial wastes on human health. With respect to human health, average annual frequency of physician visits per capita (AAFPV) is used as a measure for the short-term human health; all-cause mortality is used to illustrate the long-term human health. The results show that in the short term, with the level of industrial smoke dust increasing every 1 percentage, AAFPV would increase by 0.24 percentage. This effect is significant in East China and West China. Central China is affected by industrial waste water, with a rate of increasing AAFPV by 0.12 percent for every 1 percent increase of chemical oxygen demand per unit area. In the long term, water pollution is the main influencing factor of all-cause mortality.

Abstract views: 401   PDF downloads: 174  

Page 62-67

Repurposing a community asset for revitalizing cities: The future of FirstOntario Centre in Hamilton

blankpage Ahmed Taha Qureshi, Gail Krantzberg

This paper explores the possibility of renovating the FirstOntario Centre in Hamilton, Ontario, a large hockey stadium that can also be used to host concerts and similar events. Presently the facility is too big to fit the needs of Hamiltonians in a sustainable way and the excess space/seating raise the cost of maintenance unnecessarily while leaving the arena severely underutilized at around an average of just over 50% utilization. In other words, FirstOntario Centre is a case study in regenerating excellence. We describe the challenges and potential solutions to repurpose this space in order to regenerate social, economic, and environmental excellence in the heart of this mid-sized Ontario city. This case study can inform others seeking to reinvigorate attributes of livable cities.

Abstract views: 111   PDF downloads: 36  

Page 96-102

Can ventilation in healthcare facilities prevention of infection COVID-19?

blankpage Abdolmajid Fadaei

Currently, (2019-2020) COVID-19 global pandemic is caused by a member of the Coronaviridae group. Some human viruses are spread from human to human by way of droplets or aerosols, but fewer viruses are persistently airborne in transmission, and the healthcare-associated epidemic of airborne viral infection are restricted to very few surrogates. The prevention of air pollutants (i.e., biological, particles, chemicals, and smoke) at the resource has the highest efficiency to keep safe air. In addition, it is one of the most efficient tools (i.e. the second one) for preventing inside air pollution through ventilation. To our aim was to perform a rapid literature review to answer the following question: does ventilation in healthcare facilities prevention of infection COVID-19? We systematically searched Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed Central (PMC), Google Scholar databases as well as medRxiv by using the following key-words: ‘COVID-19’, ‘healthcare settings’, ‘prevention’, ‘ventilation’, ‘Hospital, ‘Infection’, and ‘Air changes per hour. A total of 26 eligible articles were identified. The literature denotes that temperature, relative humidity, and ventilation and air conditioning systems have beneficial effects to prevent COVID-19 infection. Thus, based on recommendations of CDC, WHO, and other studies effective ventilation is the most important transmission of respiratory disease control strategy, specially COVID-19.

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 ISSN: 2661-3034
 Abbreviation: Health Environ
 Executive Associate Editor: Prof. Shaoyong Lu(China)
 Publishing Frequency: Yearly
 Article Processing Charges (APC):
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 Publishing Model:
Open Access