The characteristic architectural style of Tao Fong Shan in Hong Kong is unique in the sense that this Christian institution looks exactly like a traditional Chinese Buddhist monastery. What kind of secret exists behind this seemingly uncoordinated appearance? The two names of Karl Ludvig Reichelt and Johannes Prip-Møller are closely connected with Tao Fong Shan buildings, but few people know how exactly the Norwegian founder of The Christian Church for China’s Buddhists met and cooperated with the Danish architect in designing these buildings. The present paper is an effort to retrace the initial vision of architectural style for Tao Fong Shan shared by Reichelt and Prip-Møller, as well as the evolution of the later designs at different stages. Reichelt found many common features between Chinese Buddhism and the Gospel of John in New Testament. In order to promote the missionary work among China’s Buddhists, he tried to create an environment in which the inquiring Buddhists would find it comfortable and at ease. Reichelt’s another contribution is in raising money for the construction of Tao Fung Shan buildings. His method of crowd funding proved to be practical and effective. Prip-Møller had ten years’ experiences of working in China and was a top-notch expert in China’s Buddhist architecture. His professional expertise has ensured that Reichelt’s idea of combining the traditional Chinese Buddhist architectural style and the Christian nature of Tao Fong Shan buildings could be eventually realized.
Social media is a relatively new global phenomenon. Virtual places provide criminogenic motivators like financial gain, access to suitable targets, and massive amounts of information all under one virtual roof. Additionally, social media sites host large amounts of people in one space, generating significant opportunities for victimization. Despite the Internet’s theoretical relevance to understanding victimization, scholarly research into the effects of social media activity in victimization is scarce. Using data from the Pew Research Center, I investigated the relationship between Facebook use and online harassment among adolescents between 13 and 17 years of age. The results showed that an adolescent’s behavior on Facebook contributed to the likelihood of experiencing online harassment. Additionally, parental monitoring of their adolescent’s Facebook activity did not have a significant moderating effect on adolescents’ risk of online harassment. This research contributed to the literature by identifying specific behaviors in adolescents that increase their risk of online harassment.
Intriguing challenges, risks, and functions for responsible behaviour in a system-technological and eco-social world are addressed from a methodological and ethical point of view. Various kinds and levels of responsibility are distinguished in terms of action (causal) responsibility, of task and role responsibility, and of universal moral and legal responsibilities well as from institutional and association perspectives. Some problems of ascribing, justifying, and distributing responsibility are discussed. Some professional codes of ethics in science and technology and characteristic responsibility conflicts are analysed, and 20 priority rules are proposed to help deal with or solve these important problems.
Kalina Stefanova’s Ann’s Dwarves and The Last Way Out were originally written in Bulgarian and published as two loose sequel-fictions in 2004 and 2010. During the last decade, thirteen distinct translations were done. This review attempts to give readers a brief introduction of the author and her two fictions as well as their reception and criticism. As her review writer, I firmly hold the opinion that Stefanova has been providing samples of cosmopolitan writing about human’s communication with the cosmos since ancient times, and human’s spiritual evolution – all this through the girl protagonist Ann’s eyes. This reveals the author’s unique vision and her inner life of tranquility and freedom.