Open Access

Peer-reviewed

Research Article

Main Article Content

Safieh Javadinejadcorresponding author
Rebwar Dara
Forough Jafary

Abstract

In this research, the catchment area of ​​the Karkheh River has been investigated in order to investigate the relationship between the sediment and the effect of climate change on the phenomenon of microstrip. In the first step, to determine the relationship between the grains and sediments, it is necessary to determine the origin of sedimentation and its gradation. Accordingly, some sediment samples were taken from the river bed. Sediment aggregate size measurement is an important tool for studying its origin. Currently, for statistical purposes, many samples are used, but these methods are time-consuming and difficult. The size of the sediment in the study of origin, and its relationship with the micro-organisms, is an important factor. Therefore, the use of modern methods is essential. In the present study, the data of the sediment samples were introduced into the acetate gradient (statistical analysis program) to determine the texture and granulation of the sediment. The results showed that sand gravel texture is. Then sampling and testing on the microscopes showed that they are also of sandy origin, so it can be assumed that abrupt grafting of microspheres after sediment can cause sediment in the river. In addition, in order to investigate the effect of climate change on the micrographs, the relationship between three climatic parameters including rainfall, minima and relative humidity with the number of days with a rigorous refreshment for two years of 2015 and 2016 were analyzed. The results showed that, with increasing temperature and decreasing precipitation and relative humidity, the number of days with the coarse cutter increases, and as a result, it can be caused by sedimentation as part of sedimentation in the river.

Keywords
sediment, seed size, Karkheh catchment basin, Rizgar, climate change

Article Details

How to Cite
Javadinejad, S., Dara, R., & Jafary, F. (2020). Examining the association between dust and sediment and evaluating the impact of climate change on dust and providing adaptation. Resources Environment and Information Engineering, 2(1), 61-70. https://doi.org/10.25082/REIE.2020.01.002

References

  1. Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, Askari OA. The Analysis of the Most Important Climatic Parameters Affecting Performance of Crop Variability in a Changing Climate, 2018.
  2. Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K, et al. Embankments. In: Bobrowsky P., Marker B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Cham, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12127-7_105-1
  3. Javadinejad S. The 2008 Morpeth Flood: Continuous Simulation Model for the Wansbeck Catchment. Ebook, Grin publication, 2011.
  4. Roddaz M, Viers J, Brusset S, et al. Boucayrand and G. Herail, Controls on weathering and provenance in the Amazonian foreland basin: Insights from major and trace element geochemistry of Neogene Amazonian sediments. Chemical Geology, 2006, 226: 31-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2005.08.010
  5. Mirramazani SM, Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, et al. The Origin Of River Sediments. The Associated Dust And Climate Change.
  6. Mirramazani SM, Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, et al. A Feasibility Study of Urban Green Space Design in the Form of Smart Arid Landscaping with Rainwater Harvesting. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2019: 1- 10.
  7. Abdollahi S, Javadinejad S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K, et al. Investigating the Effects of Landfill in Azad-Shahr City on the Physicochemical Properties of Groundwater. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2019, 12(2): 136-146. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajeassp.2019.136.146
  8. Baolin L, Yaping W, Xin S, et al. Elemental geochemistry of northern slope sediments from the South China Sea: Implications for provenance and source area weathering since Early Miocene. Chemie der Erde, 2013, 73: 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemer.2012.11.005
  9. Burg JP, Bernoulli D, Dolati A, et al. Stratigraphy and Structure of the Iranian Makran. International Conference and Exhibition, 2012.
  10. Tao H, Wang Q, Yang X, et al. Provenance and tectonic setting of Late Carboniferous clastic rocks in West Junggar, Xinjiang, China: A case from the Hala-alat Mountains. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013, 64: 210-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.12.019
  11. Li Y, Song Y, Kaskaoutis DG, et al. Atmospheric dust dynamics in southern Central Asia: Implications for buildup of Tajikistan loess sediments. Atmospheric Research, 2019, 229: 74-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2019.06.013
  12. Arcusa SH, McKay NP, Routson CC, et al. Dust-drought interactions over the last 15,000 years: A network of lake sediment records from the San Juan Mountains, Colorado. The Holocene, 2020, 30(4): 559-574. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683619875192
  13. P´erez-Mart´ınez C, R¨uhland KM, Smol JP, et al. Long-term ecological changes in Mediterranean mountain lakes linked to recent climate change and Saharan dust deposition revealed by diatom analyses. Science of The Total Environment, 2020, 727: 138519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138519
  14. Middleton N. Variability and trends in dust storm frequency on decadal timescales: Climatic drivers and human impacts. Geosciences, 2019, 9(6): 261. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences9060261
  15. Javadinejad S and Jafary RDF. Effect of Precipitation Characteristics on Spatial and Temporal Varia-tions of Landslide in Kermanshah Province in Iran, 2020. https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v2i4.1818
  16. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Potential impact of climate change on temperature and humidity related human health effects during extreme condition. Safety in Extreme Environments, 2020, 1(1): 1-7.
  17. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Analysis and prioritization the effective factors on increasing farmers resilience under climate change and drought, Agricultural research, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-020-00516-w
  18. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Climate Change Scenarios and Effects on Snow-Melt Runoff. Civil Engineering Journal, 2020, 6(9): 1715-1725 https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-2020-03091577
  19. Javadinejad S, Dara R, Hamed MH, et al. Analysis of Gray Water Recycling by Reuse of Industrial Waste Water for Agricultural and Irrigation Purposes, 2020. https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v3i2.2056
  20. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Impacts of Extreme Events on Water Availability. Annals of Geographical Studies, 2019, 2(3): 16-24.
  21. Javadinejad S and Jafary RDF. Gray Water Measurement and Feasibility of Retrieval Using Innova-tive Technology and Application in Water Resources Management in Isfahan-Iran, 2020. https://doi.org/10.30564/jgr.v3i2.1997
  22. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Taking Urgent Actions to Combat Climate Change Impacts. Annals of Geographical Studies, 2019, 2(4): 1-13.
  23. Javadinejad S, Eslamian S and Ostad-Ali-Askari K. Investigation of monthly and seasonal changes of methane gas with respect to climate change using satellite data. Applied Water Science, 2019, 9(8): 180. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-019-1067-9
  24. Javadinejad S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K and Eslamian S. Application of Multi-Index Decision Analysis to Management Scenarios Considering Climate Change Prediction in the Zayandeh Rud River Basin. Water Conservation Science and Engineering, 2019, 4(1): 53-70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41101-019-00068-3
  25. Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K, et al. Embankments. In: Bobrowsky P., Marker B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, Cham, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12127-7_105-1
  26. Javadinejad S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K and Jafary F. Using simulation model to determine the regulation and to optimize the quantity of chlorine injection in water distribution networks. Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, 2019, 5(3): 1015-1023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40808-019-00587-x
  27. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Modelling groundwater level fluctuation in an Indian coastal aquifer. Water SA, 2020, 46(4): 665-671.
  28. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Investigation of the effect of climate change on heat waves. Resources Environment and Information Engineering, 2020, 2(1): 54-60. https://doi.org/10.25082/REIE.2020.01.001
  29. Jim´enez L, R¨uhland KM, Jeziorski A, et al. Climate change and Saharan dust drive recent cladoceran and primary production changes in remote alpine lakes of Sierra Nevada, Spain. Global change biology, 2018, 24(1): e139-e158. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13878
  30. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Analysis and prioritization the effective factors on increasing farmers resilience under climate change and drought. Agricultural research, 2020: 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-020-00516-w
  31. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Modelling groundwater level fluctuation in an Indian coastal aquifer. Water SA, 2020, 46(4): 665-671. https://doi.org/10.17159/wsa/2020.v46.i4.9081
  32. Krumbein WC. Size frequency distributions of sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 1934, 4: 65-77. https://doi.org/10.1306/D4268EB9-2B26-11D7-8648000102C1865D
  33. Folk RL and Ward WC. Brazos River bar: a study in the significance of grain size parameters. Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, 1957, 27: 3-26,. https://doi.org/10.1306/74D70646-2B21-11D7-8648000102C1865D
  34. Javadinejad S. Vulnerability of water resources to climate change and human impact: scenario analysis of the Zayandeh Rud river basin in Iran (Doctoral dissertation, University of Birmingham), 2016.
  35. Javadinejad S, Eslamian S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K, et al. Relationship Between Climate Change, Natural Disaster, and Resilience in Rural and Urban Societies, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-93336-8_189
  36. Javadinejad S, Dara R and Jafary F. Health impacts of extreme events. Safety in Extreme Environments, 2020, 1: 1- 11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42797-020-00016-8
  37. Javadinejad S, Ostad-Ali-Askari K, Singh VP, et al. Reliable, Resilient, and Sustainable Water Management in Different Water Use Sectors. Water Conservation Science and Engineering, 2019, 4(2-3): 133-148. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41101-019-00073-6