Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Waste biomass gasification char derived activated carbon for pharmaceutical carbamazepine removal from water

Main Article Content

Ming-Ho To
Pejman Hadi
Chi-Wai Hui
Carol Sze Ki Lin
Tareq AI-Ansari
Junaid Saleem
Prakash Parthasarathy
Gordon McKay corresponding author


Carbamazepine (CBM), a widely occurring pharmaceutical, has been removed from water by upgrading a waste biomass char from a 300 MW biomass gasification power station plant operating in Indonesia. The fuel source is the waste residue palm kernel shell (PKS) after the palm oil extraction process constituting over one million tonnes per year. The resulting waste power station biomass char (CPKS) from the power station gasification process has been  converted into high quality activated carbon by carbon dioxide activation as a sequestration opportunity, at different temperatures ranging from 700 to 900°C for 1 or 1.5 hours. The highest BET surface area was 711.5 m2/g and this activated carbon was able to adsorb 1.14 mmol/g or 268.7 mg CBM/g. Equilibrium and kinetic studies have been undertaken.

biomass power station residue, activated carbon, PPCP carbamazepine removal, capacity and kinetic studies

Article Details

How to Cite
To, M.-H., Hadi, P., Hui, C.-W., Lin, C. S. K., AI-Ansari, T., Saleem, J., Parthasarathy, P., & McKay, G. (2019). Waste biomass gasification char derived activated carbon for pharmaceutical carbamazepine removal from water. Resources Environment and Information Engineering, 1(1), 36-44.


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