Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Exploring quality of life disparities among 177 families with children affected by cleft lip and/or palate: A comprehensive analysis using the Impact on Family Scale

Main Article Content

Médard Kakule Kabuyaya
Olivier Mukuku corresponding author
Jonathan M. L. Kasereka
Ahuka Onalongombe
Eshete Mekonen
Todd M. Van Ye
Paul Millican
Stanis Okitotsho Wembonyama
Severin Uwonda Akinja


Objective: This study aimed to assess the quality of life (QoL) of parents/caregivers of children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) using the Impact on Family Scale (IOFS).
Methods: Families of children requiring primary or secondary CLP repair were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. The IOFS questionnaire was utilized to assess perceived QoL. Multiple logistic regression was employed to determine factors linked to impacted QoL.
Results: Out of the 192 families contacted, 177 participated (92.2%). The patients had a mean age of 8.9 ± 5.4 months, with a majority of families residing in rural areas (67.2%). The questionnaires assessed QoL before surgery, revealing a mean total QoL score of 68.8 ± 19.4, with 49.7% of families experiencing affected QoL. The analysis demonstrated a significant association between the female sex of parents/caregivers and a more impacted QoL (p = 0.018), as well as between the absence of a history of CLP in the family and a more affected QoL (adjusted odds ratio = 3.0; 95% CI: 1.3 – 6.7; p = 0.008).
Conclusion: Caring for a child with CLP significantly decreases parents/caregivers’ QoL in all domains. The results emphasize the significance of considering the family history of CLP and the gender of the parents in the comprehensive care of affected families.

cleft lip and palate, quality of life, psychosocial impact

Article Details

How to Cite
Kabuyaya, M. K., Mukuku, O., Kasereka, J. M. L., Onalongombe, A., Mekonen, E., Van Ye, T. M., Millican, P., Wembonyama, S. O., & Akinja, S. U. (2024). Exploring quality of life disparities among 177 families with children affected by cleft lip and/or palate: A comprehensive analysis using the Impact on Family Scale. Theory and Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, 5, 114-120.


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