Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Feminist identity crisis in Africa

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Ishmael D. Norman corresponding author
Blandina M. Awiah-Norman


Feminist movement in Africa lacks capable guardians to steer the development of feminine identity or theory, and to operationalize the feminist agenda. The apparent lack of a national or continental feminist theory has not helped to elevate the status of the majority of women beyond the patriarchal controls, particularly in the rural and peri-urban communities, despite improved social modernization. Africa’s feminist crisis involves the lack of leadership, ideological vacuity, absence of structure or movement, and the non-application of cultural; political; class; religious and tribal identities in developing feminist theory. In search of capable feminist guardians, the tendency of feminist groups is to co-opt self-actualized African women into feminism with or without their consent, and without regard to the accidental coincidence of those personalities’ narratives with feminist epistemology. Feminism in Africa is in search of relevance within the public space. This paper interrogates these issues and uses the narrative of several self-actualized women in Africa, who have, apparently, been co-opted into feminism as a result, to discuss aspects of the crisis and the delimiting public policy and legislation against, perhaps, the development of feminine identity.

feminism, patriarchy, capable guardians, restrictions on sexual orientation

Article Details

How to Cite
Norman, I. D., & Awiah-Norman, B. M. (2024). Feminist identity crisis in Africa. International Journal of Arts and Humanities, 5(1), 216-226.


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