Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Main Article Content

Carrel Zalula Mavuta
Augustin Mulangu Mutombo
Toni Kasole Lubala
Olivier Mukuku corresponding author
Adonis Muganza Nyenga
Mick Ya-Pongombo Shongo
Maguy Sangaji Kabuya
Assumani N’Simbo
Aimée Mudekereza
Oscar Numbi Luboya
Stanislas Okitotsho Wembonyama

Abstract

Purpose: In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), malnutrition remains a public health problem despite interventions to improve the nutritional status of children. The objective of this study is to determine the degree of association between dietary practices and malnutrition among infants aged 12 to 23 months in Lubumbashi (DRC).
Methods: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study of 574 infants between 12 and 23 months of age from urban and semi-urban areas. Door to door survey was done to collect data. Nutritional status was assessed and compared with feeding practices. A multivariate analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between dietary practices and malnutrition in these children.
Results: Bottle feeding before 6 months (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.8 [1.2-2.8]; p = 0.006), introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods before 6 months (aOR = 2.1 [1.0-4.3]; p = 0.042), and insufficient minimum dietary diversity (aOR=2.3 [1.6-3.5]; p < 0.0001) were independently associated with stunting. Late breastfeeding initiation (aOR = 2.4 [1.1-5.0]; p = 0.023) increases the risk of wasting.
Conclusion: Infant malnutrition is sometimes a reflection of inappropriate eating practices from the early stages of a child’s life.  Adherence to sufficient nutritional recommendations at birth can reduce this burden in developing countries.

Keywords
infant feeding practices, nutritional status, preschool children, Lubumbashi

Article Details

How to Cite
Mavuta, C. Z., Mutombo, A. M., Lubala, T. K., Mukuku, O., Nyenga, A. M., Shongo, M. Y.-P., Kabuya, M. S., N’Simbo, A., Mudekereza, A., Luboya, O. N., & Wembonyama, S. O. (2022). Impact of feeding practices on nutritional status of infants aged 12 to 23 months in Lubumbashi, DRC: A community based cross-sectional study. Theory and Clinical Practice in Pediatrics, 4(1), 106-113. https://doi.org/10.25082/TCPP.2022.01.002

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