Vol 4 (2022)

Published: 2022-04-26

Abstract views: 1243   PDF downloads: 581  

Page 106-113

Impact of feeding practices on nutritional status of infants aged 12 to 23 months in Lubumbashi, DRC: A community based cross-sectional study

blankpage Carrel Zalula Mavuta, Augustin Mulangu Mutombo, Toni Kasole Lubala, Olivier Mukuku, Adonis Muganza Nyenga, Mick Ya-Pongombo Shongo, Maguy Sangaji Kabuya, Assumani N’Simbo, Aimée Mudekereza, Oscar Numbi Luboya, Stanislas Okitotsho Wembonyama

Purpose: In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), malnutrition remains a public health problem despite interventions to improve the nutritional status of children. The objective of this study is to determine the degree of association between dietary practices and malnutrition among infants aged 12 to 23 months in Lubumbashi (DRC).
Methods: We conducted a community-based cross-sectional study of 574 infants between 12 and 23 months of age from urban and semi-urban areas. Door to door survey was done to collect data. Nutritional status was assessed and compared with feeding practices. A multivariate analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between dietary practices and malnutrition in these children.
Results: Bottle feeding before 6 months (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.8 [1.2-2.8]; p = 0.006), introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods before 6 months (aOR = 2.1 [1.0-4.3]; p = 0.042), and insufficient minimum dietary diversity (aOR=2.3 [1.6-3.5]; p < 0.0001) were independently associated with stunting. Late breastfeeding initiation (aOR = 2.4 [1.1-5.0]; p = 0.023) increases the risk of wasting.
Conclusion: Infant malnutrition is sometimes a reflection of inappropriate eating practices from the early stages of a child’s life.  Adherence to sufficient nutritional recommendations at birth can reduce this burden in developing countries.

Abstract views: 1429   PDF downloads: 782  

Pages 102-105

Brief review: Psychological health and life quality of cerebral palsy

blankpage Nita Bhatt, Jesse Canella, Julie P. Gentile

Cerebral palsy is the most common cause of disability that develops in infancy. This complex disorder affects adult life in a powerful way. Challenges include performing motor skills and achieving physical capabilities. The majority of individuals also report lifelong psychosocial stressors. Furthermore, mental health issues occur more commonly in this patient subset, as do struggles with employment and education. Often the severity of challenges correlates to the severity of the cerebral palsy. The prognosis of individuals with cerebral palsy has improved over the last three decades, although it continues to be a lifelong condition. In order to promote healthy aging across their lifespan, intervention programs should be considered to improve physical well-being, and care should be taken to maintain mental health.