Open Access Peer-reviewed Case Report

Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis in an immunocompetent adult: A case report

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Georges Yumba Numbi
Berthe Kamalo Mwad
Olivier Mukuku corresponding author
Claude Mulumba Mwamba


Neuromeningeal cryptococcosis (NMC) is relatively rare in immunocompetent subjects. We report a Congolese case of NMC diagnosed in an apparently immunocompetent subject. A 35-year-old woman was admitted for acute meningoencephalitis. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination revealed cytological and biochemical abnormalities and the presence of Cryptococcus neoformans on direct examination with India ink and in culture. The serum dosage of cryptococcal antigens was titrated at 1:32. HIV and syphilis antibodies were negative and the blood CD4 lymphocyte count was 610/mm3. The patient had no other immunosuppressive factors, in particular no hematologic abnormalities, no solid tumor, or malnutrition. She was unsuccessfully treated with fluconazole intraveinously, and died after 10 days of treatment. This observation reminds us that NMC can occur in subjects without apparent immunosuppressive factor with a misleading clinical presentation. It is a rare infection with a severe prognosis even in immunocompetent patients.

cryptococcosis, immunocompetent, meningoencephalitis

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How to Cite
Numbi, G., Mwad, B., Mukuku, O., & Mwamba, C. (2020). Cryptococcus neoformans meningitis in an immunocompetent adult: A case report. Advances in General Practice of Medicine, 3(1), 23-25.


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