Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Women’s breast cancer risk factors in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Main Article Content

Stanislas Maseb'a Mwang Sulu
Olivier Mukuku corresponding author
Arnold Maseb Sul Sulu
François Musul Mukeng
Bienvenu Lebwaze Massamba
Désiré Kulimba Mashinda
Stanislas Okitotsho Wembonyama
Vicky Lokomba
Antoine Tshimpi Wola


Purpose: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women worldwide. Risk factors for this disease are numerous and their prevalence varies according to racial and ethnic groups and geographical regions. Therefore, we sought to identify BC risk factors in the Congolese population.
Methods: A case-control study was conducted at the Nganda Hospital Center in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. One hundred and sixty patients with breast cancer (cases) were compared to 320 women who did not have BC (controls). STATA version 16 was used to analyze data with statistical significance considered at p < 0.05.
Results: There is a strong association between BC in Congolese women and early menarche age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 2.3; 95% CI: 1.2-4.3), family history of BC (aOR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.2-5.5), overweight (aOR = 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-2.7), and obesity (aOR = 7.3; 95% CI: 4.0-13.4).
Conclusion: Our results indicate the presence of certain conventional risk factors. Thus, these results will be of great value in establishing adequate evidence-based awareness and preventive measures among the Congolese population.

breast cancer, risk factors, Congolese women, Kinshasa

Article Details

How to Cite
Sulu, S. M. M., Mukuku, O., Sulu, A. M. S., Mukeng, F. M., Massamba, B. L., Mashinda, D. K., Wembonyama, S. O., Lokomba, V., & Wola, A. T. (2022). Women’s breast cancer risk factors in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Current Cancer Reports, 4(1), 139-143.


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