Open Access

Peer-reviewed

Research Article

Main Article Content

Muammer Kaya corresponding author

Abstract

Thorium (Th) is three to four times more abundant than Uranium (U) in nature and distributed evenly in most developing countries in the World. Th can be mined with relatively cheap and environment friendly mining methods from high grade alluvial deposits. Th extraction is relatively straightforward and inexpensive.  Th has better radiation stability and longer fuel cycle. Th has a higher energy density and fuel economy in the reactors. One ton of mined Th produces as much energy as 200 tons of mined U, or 3.5 million tons of coal. World’s global energy needs for one year can be supplied by approximately burning 6000 tons of Th. Since Th is an abundant and sustainable source of energy for the future, developing countries cannot afford to ignore. Molten salt and accelerator driven reactors have been developed for Th-fuel. Turkey has the sixth biggest Th resources in the world and must declare Th as part of countries national power policy like China and India.

Keywords
Th-fuel, nuclear fuels, sustainable source of energy

Article Details

How to Cite
Kaya, M. (2019). Towards sustainable, secure and safe energy: A future for thorium power. Resources and Environmental Economics, 1(2), 43-49. https://doi.org/10.25082/REE.2019.02.001

References

  1. Revol JP. Sustainable Thorium Energy for the World Established by WMO and UNEP in 1988. Pontifical Academy of Science, 2016, 25–29 November, Casino Pio IV, Vatican City. http://ithec.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/Revol.PAS_.Nov_.2016.pdf
  2. Marchetti C and Nakicenovic N. The Dynamics of Energy Systems and the Logistic Substitution Model, CIIASA Research Report (December). Marchetti C, Stable Rules in Social and Economic Behavior, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361, Laxenburg, Austria, 1986.
  3. BP Statistical. Review of World Energy, 2016, 65th edition (June 8). https://www.oecd.org/env/cc/49082173.pdf
  4. Uranium 2014: Resources, Production and Demand, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
  5. Kaya M and Kursunoglu S. Thorium fuel for nuclear energy, XXVII Int. Min. Proc. Congress (IMPC-2014), Santiago-Chile, 2014a, Oct.
  6. Kaya M and Kursunoglu S. Recent developments on thorium nuclear fuel and reactor technologies, XIV Int Min Proc Symposium, Kuşadası-İzmir, 2014b, Oct.
  7. Kaya M and Bozkurt V. Thorium as a nuclear fuel, 18th Int. Mining Congress and Exhibition of Turkey (IMCET-2003), Ed. By G. Özbayoğlu, 2003, 571-578.
  8. Kaya M, Toryum nükleer yakıt dönüşümünün perspektifi ve ülkemiz açısından önemi, 14th Int. Energy and Environmental Technology System Fair and Conferences (ICCI-2008), İstanbul, 2008a, 256-263.
  9. Kaya M. Toryum nükleer yakıtının dönüşümünün perspektifi, Eskişehir ve ülkemiz açısından önemi, TMMOB Eskişehir Kent Symposium, 2018b, 28-29.
  10. Kaya M. A Global and a Turkish Perspective of Thorium Fuel for Nuclear Energy, Thorium Energy Conference 2013 - ThEC-2013, at CERN, Geneva, Switzerland, Proceedings of the ThEC-2013, Thorium Energy for the World, Springer, 2016, 127-132. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-26542-1_18