Main Article Content
Although Bangladesh’s immense steps in preparing the disaster management policies following the values of good governance issue, the quantity to which these policies have productively been executing at the local level remnants mostly unknown. The objectives of this investigation were dual: firstly, to inspect the roles and efficiency of the local-level governance and disaster management organization, and lastly, to recognize the obstacles to the execution of national the policies and Disaster-Risk-Reduction guidelines at the local community level. The authors applied qualitative research and case Study approach, using techniques from the Participatory Rural Appraisal toolbox to collect data from local community members as well as government and NGO officials. From the finding of the study, it was revealed that interactive disaster governance, decentralization of disaster management, and compliance by local-level institutions with good governance principles and national policy guidelines can be extremely effective in reducing disaster-loss and damages. According to coastal community members, the local governments have generally failed to uphold good governance principles, and triangulated data confirm that the region at large suffers from rampant corruption, political favoritism, lack of transparency and accountability and minimal inclusion of local inhabitants in decision-making – all of which have severely impeded the successful implementation of national disaster-management policies. This study contributes to these research gaps, with identification of further research agenda in these areas. The paper deals with International Sendai Framework that called for enhancement of local level community resilience to disasters. Thus, it contributes to numerous policy and practice areas relating to good disaster governance. The study identified the specific manifestations of these failures in coastal communities in Bangladesh. These results underscore the vital need to address the wide gap between national DRR goals and the on-the-ground realities of policy implementation to successfully enhance the country’s resilience to climate change-induced disasters.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
- Barua P, Rahman SH and Morshed M. Sustainable adaptation for resolving climate displacement issues of south eastern islands in Bangladesh. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 2017, 15(2): 440-465. https://doi.org10.1108/IJCCSM-02-2017-0026
- Barua P and Rahman SH. Community-based rehabilitation attempt for the solution of climate displacement crisis in the coastal area of Bangladesh, International Journal of Migration and Residential Mobility, 2018, 1(4): 358-378. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMRM.2018.094811
- Barua P and Rahman SH. Impact of river erosion on livelihood and coping strategies of displaced people in South-Eastern Bangladesh. International Journal of Migration and Residential Mobility, 2019, 2(1): 34-55. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJMRM.2019.103275
- Barua P, RahmanS H and Eslamin S. Rehabilitation and Relocation Program for Climate Displaced People of Bangladesh, W. Leal Filho et al. (eds.), Handbook of Climate Change Management, Springer Nature, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22759-3_298-1
- Tierney K. Disaster governance: social, political, and economic dimensions.Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 2012, 37(3): 341-363. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-020911-095618
- FanM F. Disaster governance and community resilience: reflections on Typhoon Morakot in Taiwan. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2015, 58(4): 24-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2013.839444
- de Zurita M, Cook B, Harms L, et al. Towards new disaster governance: subsidiarity as a critical tool. Environmental Policy and Governance, 2015, 25(6): 386-398. https://doi.org/10.1002/eet.1681
- Ashu R and Van KD. Building national and local capacity for disaster risk management in Cameroon. Disaster Prevention and Management, 2019, 28(6): 764-777. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-06-2019-0176
- Islam R, Walkerden G and Amati M. Households’ experience of local government during recovery from cyclones in coastal Bangladesh: resilience, equity, and corruption. Natural Hazards, 2017, 85(1): 361-378. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-016-2568-6
- Ahrens J and Rudolph PM. The importance of governance in risk reduction anddisaster management. Journal of Contingencies Crisis Management, 2006, 14(4): 207-220. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5973.2006.00497.x
- Van Niekerk D and Wisner B. Integrating disaster risk management and development planning: experiences from Africa. Disaster Management, 2014, 70(3): 80-100.
- Choudhury M , Uddin M and Haque C. Nature brings us extreme events, some people cause us prolonged sufferings: the role of good governance in building community resilience to natural disasters in Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 2019, 62(2): 1761- 1781. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2018.1513833
- Ryan R, Hastings C and Woods R. Why Local Government Matters: Disaste Context Scenario of 2015. Disaster Scenario, 2015, 40(3): 80-90.
- Bouckaert G and Van WS. Comparing measures of citizen trust and user satisfaction as indicators of “good governance”: difficulties in linking trust and satisfaction indicators. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 2003, 69(2): 329-343. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852303693003
- Ariely G. Public administration and citizen satisfaction with democracy: cross-sectional evidence. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 2013, 79(4): 747-766. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020852313501432
- Stipak B. Citizen satisfaction with urban services: potential misuse as a performance indicator. Public Administration Review, 1979, 39(1): 46-52. https://doi.org/10.2307/3110378
- Paula V and Carolina Q. Disaster Governance for Community Resilience in Coastal Towns: Chilean Case Studies. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 2017, 14(9): 1063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091063
- Raju E and Costa K. Governance in the Sendai: a way ahead? Disaster Prevention and Management, 2018, 27(3): 278-291. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-08-2017-0190
- Van Niekerk D. Disaster risk governance in Africa: a retrospective assessment of progress in against the hyogo framework for action (2000-2012). Disaster Prevention and Management, 2015, 24(5): 397-416. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-08-2014-0168
- IPCC. Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation: Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, 2012, London, Uk.
- Hasan M, Adhikary G, Mahmood S, et al. Exploring mental health needs and services among affected population in a cyclone affected area in coastal Bangladesh: a qualitative case study. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 2020, 14(2): 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00351-0
- Ahmed B, Kelman I, Fehr HK, et al. Community resilience to cyclone disasters in coastal Bangladesh. Sustainability, 2016, 8(8): 1-29. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8080805
- Van Doeveren V. Rethinking good governance. Public Integrity, 2011, 13(4): 301-318. https://doi.org/10.2753/PIN1099-9922130401
- Howe B. Governance in the interest of the most vulnerable. Journal of Public Administration and Development, 2012, 32(3): 345-356. https://doi.org/10.1002/pad.1621
- Satpathy B, Muniapan B and Dass M. UNESCAP’s characteristics of good governance from the philosophy of Bhagavad-Gita and its contemporary relevance in the Indian context. International Journal of Indian Culture and Business Management, 2013, 7(5): 192-198 https://doi.org/10.1504/IJICBM.2013.055504
- UNESCAP. What Is Good Governance? United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand.
- Islam S, Chu C, Liew L, et al. Distributing flood shelters for disaster risk reduction: exploring the practices in Bangladesh from a political economy perspective. Disaster Prevention and Management, 2020, 29(3): 322-339. https://doi.org/10.1108/DPM-02-2019-0060
- Azad MA, Uddin MS, Zaman S, et al. Community-based disaster management and its salient features: a policy approach to people-centred risk reduction in Bangladesh. Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, 2019, 29(2): 135-160. https://doi.org/10.1177/1018529119898036
- Sovacool B. Don’t let disaster recovery perpetuate injustice. Coastal Management, 2017, 54(7): 433-450. https://doi.org/10.1038/549433a
- Sattar M and Cheung K. Tropical cyclone risk perception and risk reduction analysis for coastal Bangladesh: household and expert perspectives. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2019, 41(2): 145-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101283
- Alam K, Shamsuddoha M, Tanner Tk, et al. The political economy of climate resilient development planning in Bangladesh. IDS Bulletin, 2011, 42(3): 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1759-5436.2011.00222.x
- Hasan M, NasreenMand Chowdhury M. Gender-inclusive disaster management policy in Bangladesh: a content analysis of national and international regulatory frameworks. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2019, 41(3): 50-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101324
- Bhuiyan S. Adapting to climate change in Bangladesh: good governance barriers. South Asia Research, 2015, 35(3): 349-367. https://doi.org/10.1177/0262728015598702
- Forino G, Van W and Brewer G. A conceptual governance framework for climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction integration. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 2015, 6(3): 372-384. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13753-015-0076-z
- Rahman S, Islam M and Khan M. Climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction (DRR) through coastal afforestation in South-Central Coast of Bangladesh. Journal of Management of Environmental Quality, 2019, 30(3): 498-517. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-01-2018-0021
- Ahmed I. The national plan for disaster management of Bangladesh: gap between production and promulgation. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2019, 37(10): 1179-1200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101179
- Yin RK. Case Study Research, Design and Methods, 2014, 5th ed., Sage Publication, London.
- Harrison MF, Anderson PJ, Johnson JB, et al. Acute Mountain Sickness Symptom Severity at the South Pole: The Influence of Self-Selected Prophylaxis with Acetazolamide. PLoS ONE, 2016, 11(2): e0148206. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148206
- Haque A, Kamal A and Hassan S. Partnership, Coordination, and Accountability in Urban Disaster Management: A Review of Policies in Bangladesh. Climate Change and Management, 2017, 30(3): 60-70.
- Choudhury M and Haque C. We are more scared of the power elites than the floods: adaptive capacity and resilience of wetland community to flash flood disasters in Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2016, 19(2): 145-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.08.004
- Haque C and Uddin M. Disaster management discourse in Bangladesh: a shift from post-event response to the preparedness and mitigation approach through institutional partnerships. Disaster Management, 2013, 60(3): 85-95
- Bae Y JooY and WonS Y. Decentralization and collaborative disaster governance: evidence from South Korea. Habitat International, 2016, 52(2): 50-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.027
- Valdivieso P, Andersson K and Villena-Roldan B. Institutional drivers of adaptation in local government decision-making: evidence from Chile. Climate Change, 2017, 143(1): 157-171. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-1961-9
- Berkes F. Understanding uncertainty and reducing vulnerability: lessons from resilience Thinking. Natural Hazards, 2007, 41(2): 283-295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-006-9036-7
- Chau VN, Holland J and Cassells S. Institutional structures underpinning flood management in Vietnam. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2014, 10(2): 341-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2014.10.008
- Yaro J, Teye J and Bawakyillenuo S. Local institutions and adaptive capacity to climate change/variability in the northern savannah of Ghana. Climate and Development, 2015, 7(3): 235-245. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2014.951018
- Jones S, Aryal K and Collins A. Local-level governance of risk and resilience in Nepal. Disasters, 2013, 37(3): 442-467. https://doi.org/10.1111/disa.12006