Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Modeling and simulation of absorption solar air conditioning to reduce energy consumption: A case of some cities in tropical region

Main Article Content

Modeste Kameni Nematchoua corresponding author
Rakotondrazano Yvon
Raminosoa Chrysostome


Buildings are one of the most important infrastructure sectors in today’s society. However, in Madagascar, most hotels, malls, hospitals use fossil fuels to meet energy needs, especially in the traditional air conditioning system. they consume a considerable amount of energy that has negative effects on the environment. The emergence of solar cooling systems is a very interesting solution to this problem because the use of renewable energies in this sector contributes to a significant reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the environment. Madagascar is one of the countries with high renewable energy potential, notably solar energy estimated at 2000kWh/m².an.At present, the rate of exploitation of this potential for the operation of the solar absorption cooling system coupled with the building is still non-existent. This energy is clean, sustainable, profitable and environmentally friendly. This is the main objective of this work which uses this energy source to ensure thermal comfort in a building in Madagascar and contributes to the development of this system. The TRNSYS software helped us to model and simulate this system.  To do this, first we will select 4 big cities of the big island, a building of total surface 80 m² was used. Then, the hourly thermal loads of this building for the whole year were simulated using the TRNbuild sub-program using meteorological data for a typical year of the selected cities. The dimensions of the components of the solar absorption air conditioning system were obtained using the maximum loads of the building. The results of the simulations show, the system meets the cooling load needs of the building with the climatic conditions of each selected city.

solar cooling Madagascar, TRNSYS simulation, solar thermal cooling, building air-conditioning, LiBr-H₂O

Article Details

How to Cite
Nematchoua, M. K., Yvon, R., & Chrysostome, R. (2024). Modeling and simulation of absorption solar air conditioning to reduce energy consumption: A case of some cities in tropical region. Health and Environment, 4(1), 217-228.


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