Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Interdisciplinarity and Responsibility for Land Use, GIS and Eco-systems: Some problems of social traps

Main Article Content

Hans Lenk corresponding author


Interdisciplinary studies and cooperations are necessary for practical work as well as studies in geodesy. Responsibility is a function of power, impact and knowledge. The more strategically central one’s position is in terms of power, influence and knowledge, the higher one’s responsibility is. This is an idea which can be worked out in more detail by using interdisciplinary approaches and distributive models on different levels. Social traps, Prisoners’ Dilemma situations etc. as pertaining to land, soil, and environment as well as some examples from geodesics and the study of the usage of nature systems like lakes and flood plain areas are discussed regarding responsibility and distribution problems. “Naturalists’ Dilemmas” (or “Enjoyers’ Dilemmas”) are sketched and potentially solved by proposing a viable distribution strategy.

land use, GIS, Eco-systems, social traps, geodesy, interdisciplinary studies

Article Details

How to Cite
Lenk, H. (2019). Interdisciplinarity and Responsibility for Land Use, GIS and Eco-systems: Some problems of social traps. Resources and Environmental Economics, 1(1), 1-6.


  1. Lenk H, Lenk U, Grünreich, D. Interdisciplinarity and Interdisciplinary GIS Approaches in Coastal Zone Management and Floodplain Area Development. Environments by Design 2. Kingston:UP, 1998 : 177-203.
  2. Gottl-Ottlililienfeld F. Wirtschaft und Technik, Tübingen, 1923.
  3. Bunge M. Scientific Research. vol. 1,2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1967.
  4. Lenk H. Interpretations construkte. Suhrkamp-Verlag, Frankfurt, 1993.
  5. Hardin G. The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 1968, 162:1243-1248.
  6. Kerber W. Sittlich handeln unter dem Zwang ökonomischer Sachzwnge.Wirts chafts wissens chaft und Ethik. Ed. by H. Hesse. Berlin, 1988: 241-258.
  7. Buchanan A. Ethics, Efficiency, and the Market. Ed. by N. J. Totowa, 1985.
  8. Olson M. Die Logik des kollektiven Handelns, 1968.
  9. Vanberg V. Markt und Organisation, 1982.
  10. Hart H LA. Punishment and Responsibility, 1968.
  11. Lenk H. Global TechnoScience and Responsibilty. LIT, Berlin, 2007.
  12. Lenk H. Human-soziale Verantwortung. Projektverlag, Bochum, Freiburg, 2015.
  13. Lenk H. Human - Zwischen Ökoethik und Ökonomik. Projektverlag, Bochum, Freiburg, 2017a.
  14. Lenk H. Schemas in Aktion. Projektverlag, Bochum, Freiburg, 2017b.
  15. Lenk H. Scheme Dynamics. Projektverlag, Bochum, Freiburg, 2017c.
  16. Lenk H. Verantwortlichkeit und Verantwortungstypen. In: Handbuch Verantwortung. Ed. by L. Heidbrink, C. Langbehn, and J. Loh. Wiesbaden, 2017d: 57-84.
  17. Heck B. Zur lokalen Geoidbestimmung aus terrestrischen Messungen vertikaler Schweregradienten, DGK, Reihe C, 1979, 259: 94.
  18. Luo X, Mayer M, Heck B, et al. A realistic and easy-toimplement weighting model for GPS phase observations. IEEE Transactions on Geosciense and Remote Sensing, 2014, 52(10): 6110-6118.
  19. Lenk U, Seitz, K, Heck B. A Datum Defect and Spectral Analysis in Regional Cross-Over Adjustments of Satellite Altimeter Data. In: Gravity and Geoid. Joint IGC/ICG Symp. Graz, IAG., Ed. by H. Snkel and I. Marson. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1994, 113: 357-365.