Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Main Article Content

Md. Milon Hossain corresponding author
Kamrun N. Keya
Nasrin A. Kona
Md. Naimul Islam
Farjana A. Koly
Mubarak A. Khan
Md. Abu Bakar Siddiquee
Jumana Mahmud
Ruhul A. Khan

Abstract

Twill woven Carbon-Kevlar (CK) fabric was reinforced in epoxy matrix by conventional hand lay-up process. The fabric weight fraction in the composites was kept around 58% and stacking sequence was varied from single to five plies. Tensile test was performed and the fracture surface after tensile test was evaluated by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The test result revealed that the tensile properties are strongly dependent on the number of plies. Three point flexural test of the composite was also carried and an increasing trend was observed. Maximum impact energy was recorded for CK3 sample by 202.7 KJ/m2. Thermal stability of the composite was studied via the thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) result show interaction between fiber and matrix material. Finally, CK fabric reinforced epoxy-based composites showed balanced and tailor-able mechanical properties by varying the number of plies, suitable for desired applications in many areas including building, construction, marine, automotive, etc.

Keywords
Carbon-Kevlar fabric, epoxy, polymer composites, mechanical properties, thermal properties

Article Details

How to Cite
Hossain, M. M., Keya, K. N., Kona, N. A., Islam, M. N., Koly, F. A., Khan, M. A., Siddiquee, M. A. B., Mahmud, J., & Khan, R. A. (2019). Mechanical, thermal and interfacial properties of Carbon-Kevlar reinforced epoxy composite. Materials Engineering Research, 1(2), 56-63. https://doi.org/10.25082/MER.2019.02.004

References

  1. Saw SK, Sarkhe G and Choudhury A. Effect of layering pattern on the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of jute/bagasse hybrid fiber-reinforced epoxy novolac composites. Polymer Composites, 2012, 33(10): 1824-1831. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.22313
  2. Kaewkuk S, SutapunWand Jarukumjorn K. Effects of interfacial modification and fiber content on physical properties of sisal fiber/polypropylene composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2013, 45(1): 544-549. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.07.036
  3. Manikandan V, Jappes JTW, Kumar SMS, et al. Investigation of the effect of surface modifications on the mechanical properties of basalt fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2012, 43(2): 812-818. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2011.11.009
  4. Khan GMA, Palash SRS, Alam, MS, et al. Isolation and characterization of betel nut leaf fiber: its potential application in making composites. Polymer Composites, 2012, 33(5): 764-772. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.22204
  5. Biswas S, Deo B, Patnaik A, et al. Effect of fiber loading and orientation on mechanical and erosion wear behaviors of glass-epoxy composites. Polymer Composites, 2011, 32(4): 665-674. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.21082
  6. Song ZH, Wang ZH, Ma HW, et al. Mechanical behavior and failure mode of woven carbon/epoxy laminate composites under dynamic compressive loading. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2014, 60: 531-536. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.12.060
  7. Koricho EG, Belingardi G and Beyene AT. Bending fatigue behavior of twill fabric E-glass/epoxy composite. Composite Structures, 2014, 111: 169-178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2013.12.032
  8. Gao X, Gillespie JW, Jensen RE, et al. Effect of fiber surface texture on the mechanical properties of glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite. Composites Part A, 2015, 74: 10- 17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2015.03.023
  9. Hossain MR, Islam MA, Vuurea AV, et al. Tensile behavior of environment friendly jute epoxy laminated composite. Procedia Engineering, 2013, 56: 782-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.03.196
  10. Mishra V and Biswas S. Physical and mechanical properties of bi-directional jute fiber epoxy composites. Procedia Engineering, 2013, 51: 561-566. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.01.079
  11. Reis PNB, Ferreira JAM, Santos P, et al. Impact response of Kevlar composites with filled epoxy matrix. Composite Structures, 2012, 94(12): 3520-3528. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.05.025
  12. De-Vasconcellos DS, Sarasini F, Touchard F, et al. Influence of low velocity impact on fatigue behaviour of woven hemp fibre reinforced epoxy composites. Composites Part B, 2014, 66: 46-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2014.04.025
  13. Moezzi M, Ghane M, Nicoletto G, et al. Analysis of the mechanical response of a woven polymeric fabric with locally induced damage. Materials & Design, 2014, 54: 279-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.08.047
  14. Joshi H and Purnima J. Development of glass fiber, wollastonite reinforced polypropylene hybrid composite: mechanical properties and morphology. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 2010, 527(7-8): 1946-1951. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.11.039
  15. Chen Q, Zhao Y, Zhou Z, et al. Fabrication and mechanical properties of hybrid multi-scale epoxy composites reinforced with conventional carbon fiber fabrics surfaceattached with electrospun carbon nanofiber mats. Composites Part B, 2013, 44(1): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.09.005
  16. Gu Y, Tan X, Yang Z, et al. Hot compaction and mechanical properties of ramie fabric/epoxy composite fabricated using vacuum assisted resin infusion molding. Materials & Design, 2014, 56: 852-861. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.11.077
  17. Jnior CZP, De-Carvalho LH, Fonseca VM, et al. Analysis of the tensile strength of polyester/hybrid ramie-cotton fabric composites. Polymer Testing, 2004, 23(2): 131-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-9418(03)00071-0
  18. Thwe MM and Liao K. Durability of bamboo-glass fiber reinforced polymer matrix hybrid composites. Composites Science and Technology, 2003, 63(3-4): 375-387. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00225-7
  19. Sarasini F, Tirill`o J, Valente M, et al. Hybrid composites based on aramid and basalt woven fabrics: Impact damage modes and residual flexural properties. Materials & Design, 2013, 49: 290-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.01.010
  20. Muhi RJ, Najim F and De-Moura MFSF. The effect of hybridization on the GFRP behavior under high velocity impact. Composites B, 2009, 40(8): 783-803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2009.08.002
  21. Hosur MV, Abdullah M and Jeelani S. Studies on the low velocity impact response of woven hybrid composites. Composite Structures, 2005, 67(3): 253-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2004.07.024
  22. Guermazi N, Haddar N, Elleuch K, et al. Investigations on the fabrication and the characterization of glass/epoxy, carbon/ epoxy and hybrid composites used in the reinforcement and the repair of aeronautic structures. Materials & Design, 2014, 56: 714-724. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2013.11.043
  23. Yahaya R, Sapuan SM, Jawaid M, et al. Effect of layering sequence and chemical treatment on the mechanical properties of woven kenaf-aramid hybrid laminated composites. Materials & Design, 2015, 67: 173-179. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.11.024
  24. Subagia IDGA, Kim Y, Tijing LD, et al. Effect of stacking sequence on the flexural properties of hybrid composites reinforced with carbon and basalt fibers. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2014, 58: 251-258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.10.027
  25. Agarwal G, Patnaik A, Sharma RK, et al. Effect of stacking sequence on physical, mechanical and tribological properties of glass-carbon hybrid composites. Friction, 2014, 2(4): 354-364. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40544-014-0068-9
  26. Gujjala R, Ojha S, Acharya S, et al. Mechanical properties of woven jute-glass hybrid-reinforced epoxy composite. Journal of Composite Materials, 2013, 48(28): 3445-3455. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998313501924
  27. Amico SC, Angrizani CC and Drummond ML. Influence of the Stacking Sequence on the Mechanical Properties of Glass/Sisal Hybrid Composites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 2008, 29(2): 179-189. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684408096430
  28. Pegoretti A, Fabbri E, Migliaresi C, et al. Intraply and interply hybrid composites based on E-glass and poly(vinyl alcohol) woven fabrics: tensile and impact properties. Polymer International, 2004, 53(9): 1290-1297. https://doi.org/10.1002/pi.1514
  29. Kim JK, Sham ML, Sohn MS, et al. Effect of hybrid layers with different silane coupling agents on impact response of glass fabric reinforced vinylester matrix composites. Polymer, 2002, 42(17): 7455-7460. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(01)00246-4
  30. Saha AK, Das S, Basak RK, et al. Improvement of functional properties of jute-based composite by acrylonitrile pretreatment. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2000, 78(3): 495-506. https://doi.org/10.1002/1097-4628(20001017)78:3h495::AID-APP30i3.0.CO;2-M
  31. George J, Bhagawan SS, Prabhakaron N, et al. Short pineapple-leaf-fiber-reinforced low-density polyethylene composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2000, 57(7): 843-854. https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1995.070570708
  32. Luo S and Netravali AN. Mechanical and thermal properties of environment-friendly“green” composites made from pineapple leaf fibers and poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-valerate) resin. Polymer Composites, 1999, 20(3): 367-378. https://doi.org/10.1002/pc.10363
  33. Mishra S, Mohanty AK, Drzal LT, et al. Studies on mechanical performance of biofibre/glass reinforced polyester hybrid composites. Composites Science and Technology, 2003, 63(10): 1377-1385. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(03)00084-8
  34. Abdel-Magid B, Ziaee S, Gass K, et al. The combined effects of load, moisture and temperature on the properties of E-glass/epoxy composites. Composite Structures, 2005, 71(3-4): 320-326. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2005.09.022
  35. Bao LR, Yee AF and Lee CYC. Moisture absorption and hygrothermal aging in a bismaleimide resin. Polymer, 2001, 42(17): 7327-7333. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-3861(01)00238-5
  36. Varelidis PC, McCullough RL and Papaspyrides CD. The effect on the mechanical properties of carbon/epoxy composites of polyamide coatings on the fibers. Composites Science and Technology, 1999, 59(12): 1813-1823. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0266-3538(99)00039-1