Vol 5 (2022)

Published: 2022-04-18

-- In Progress --

Abstract views: 124   PDF downloads: 34  

Page 208-214

Confirmatory factorial model of the interruption of pregnancy against COVID-19

blankpage Maria Luisa Quintero Soto, Cruz García Lirios, Sonia Sujell Velez Baez, Sofia Lopez de Nava Tapia

The objective of the present study was to establish the exploratory factorial structure of instruments that measured psychological-cultural variables around intentions and experiences related to the interruption of pregnancy. A non-experimental, exploratory and cross-sectional study was carried out with a non-probabilistic selection of 100 students. The adjustments of the theoretical relationships with respect to the weighted relationships were estimated using two structural models, one cultural and the other cognitive. The values factor explained 41% of the variance (α = 0.732). The belief factor explained 33% of the variance (α = 0.705). The perceptual factor explained 28% of the variance (α = 0.721). The motive factor explained 23% of the variance (α = 0.742). The attitudinal factor explained 17% of the variance (α = 0.701). The normative factor explained 14% of the variance (α = 0.758). The intentional factor explained 9% of the variance (α 0.784) and the experiential factor explained 7% of the variance (α = 0.791). However, the fit and residual parameters [X2 = 356.46 (67df) p = 0.067; GFI = 0.990; CFI = 0.975; RMSEA = 0.000] of the structural model of dependency relationships between indicators and cultural factors evidenced the spurious incidence of perceptions about experiences of termination of pregnancy (β = 0.27). In contrast, the adjustment and residual statistics [X2 = 145.25 (46df) p = 0.035; GFI = 0.970; CFI = 0.985; RMSEA = 0.003] of the cognitive model showed the significant effect of attitudes on intentions to terminate pregnancy (β = 0.68).

Abstract views: 229   PDF downloads: 113  

Page 192-199

The impact of the experience of Sexual Violence on female sexual dysfunction

blankpage Somayeh Naderi

Sexual violence is among the most violent crimes that may occur against individuals. Such crimes have long-term effects on victims and usually cause physical and psychological harm. Accordingly, in the present study, the predictive role of Sexual Violence on Women’s sexual dysfunctions was investigated.
In a descriptive-analytic study through simple random sampling, 140 women were selected. The research instrument was the Female Sexual Dysfunctional Detection Inventory (FSDDI). SPSS-19 software was used to analyze the data.
The results showed that women with sexual violence history had higher mean scores. Moreover, sexual pain disorder and sexual dissatisfaction were predicted by the variable sexual violence history (P ˂ 0.001). So, the history of sexual violence in women could lead to sexual dysfunctions in the future and affect the lack of sexual satisfaction.

Abstract views: 175   PDF downloads: 61  

Page 200-207

Isolated but not alone: the response to the pandemic in the story of PAGs from the Italian case history to the Global Health Summit "Rome Declaration"

blankpage Mariano Votta, Maira Cardillo, Michaela Papavero

Struggling with practical problems such as the sudden cancellation of scheduled visits and exams and a sense of abandonment and uncertainty. This is how the "ordinary" patients lived the period of the health emergency in Italy. At the same time, civic and rights protection associations, since the beginning, have been active with a sense of responsibility, creativity, and energy, often revealing themselves to be the only point of reference and the only service available to citizens. This is the double side of the coin, in the implications of the pandemic on chronic and rare patients, which emerged from the XVIII National Report on Chronic Policies of Cittadinanzattiva, presented on October 13th, 2020, and entitled: "Isolated but not alone: the response to the pandemic in the story of Patients Advocacy Groups (PAGs)". The Report arised from the story of 34 Italian associations of patients with chronic and rare diseases who adhered to the National Coalition of Associations for Patients suffering Chronic Diseases (CnAMC) of Cittadinanzattiva. This experience thanks to Active Citizenship Network was first socialized on the occasion of the 15th European Patients’ Rights Day held on May 5th & 6th, 2021, and then brought to the attention of the leaders of the G20 and other states, gathered together with the heads of international and regional organizations on the occasion of the Global Health Summit held in Rome on May 21, 2021.