Published: 2022-01-10

Abstract views: 426   PDF downloads: 230  
2022-01-10

Page 130-142

Parents' perceptions of autism and their challenges in China

blankpage Wangqian Fu, Yawen Xiao, Cui Yin, Ran Xu

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social communication deficits and restricted or repetitive behaviors. Parents play a significant role in research, clinical practice and policy development on autism. Parents' perceptions of autism can affect not only their own well-being, but also their children's development. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the parents’ perception of autism in Chinese context. The parents’ perception of autism questionnaire was applied to collect information from 171 families of children with ASD, mainly to investigate the knowledge of autistic children and the difficulties the family facing. The following conclusions were drawn from this study: (1) Mother as the primary caregiver for children with ASD; (2) Parents’ perception of ASD were various parents of autistic children have a good understanding of the symptoms, causes, age of onset and interventions, and their expectations of the prognosis and the future life of their autistic children are high; (3) The difficulties that faced by the parents are mainly composed of low social acceptance, family pressure and concerns about the effectiveness of interventions for their children. In consideration of the future development of children with autism and the mental health development of their parents, it is particularly crucial to support their parents with multifaceted support.

Abstract views: 232   PDF downloads: 103  
2022-03-22
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Pages 143-146

Detection and first step intervention for child victims of bullying

blankpage John S. Saroyan, Lynn Saroyan Skaff

Bullying behavior towards young children and adolescents can occur in schools, neighborhoods and structured group activities, including sports teams or after school programs.  While some children manage to avoid harmful negative contacts prompted by their peers, other children suffer repeated verbal abuse, physical assaults, gossip, harassment and/or group rejection. Ultimately this can affect their self esteem and social interactions.  Such victims commonly develop symptoms related to depression and anxiety that are not easily observable to teachers and parents or other concerned adults.  Family physicians and pediatricians may however carry the role as a child’s trusted and caring support, to help uncover issues related to a child as a victim.  They may provide opportunities for a child to open up and share personal problems related to bullying along with other related mental health concerns needing attention.  Detecting victimization may be recognized after viewing initial prompts or questionnaires given at intake.  The addition of a quantifiable instrument related to bullying may also aid in discerning whether a problem exists.  Recognizing symptoms of bullied children provides an opportunity for physicians to further inquire about the emotional impact bullying has on the child.  Children and parents should both experience support during this process.  The addition of educational resources, group referrals and individual/family counseling should also be recommended with follow ups to review progress.