Due to the soaring progression in portable innovations and mobile technology, the popularity of mobile phones has expanded dramatically, which has led to the widespread adoption of mobile gadgets by almost every age group, especially the youth. The apparent consequence is embracing mobile phones in teaching-learning processes. Researchers have been inclined to study the potential and impact of incorporating mobile devices into the education system in recent years. Many studies have been conducted to explore the viability of integrating mobile gadgets into the higher education system. However, only a few works have addressed the realm from the perspective of the Indian higher education system. The present work employs the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) framework and endeavours to contribute to the literature by exercising a systematic literature review of the open-access literary works carried out from the standpoint of India, especially the Uttarakhand province. The essential keywords, inclusion/exclusion criteria, and research questions addressing the cruxes of the desired investigation are contemplated and designed first. The articles are then populated from the leading academic databases, general web resources, and government reports. The PRISMA guidelines are followed to filter out articles satisfying the adopted criteria. The final shortlisted articles are then rigorously studied to develop insights and to answer the framed questions. The observations signalize the need to frame effective policies and address the hurdles to optimize the usage and impact of mobile learning in Indian higher education, including the education system of Uttarakhand.