Open Access Peer-reviewed Research Article

Designing educational material to teach Braille to adult educators through the method of distance learning

Main Article Content

Evaggelia Skaraki corresponding author


The primary purpose of this research is to design and implement educational material through the method of distance learning to teach Braille to adult educators. Another main aim of this study is to probe into the possibilities distance learning offers learners and to what extent it can be conducive to a proper and effective teaching of Braille to adult educators. More specifically, the educational material was examined by three experts in distance learning education who contributed to its evaluation and further development. Subsequently, the educational material was examined by five educators who evaluated it.

Braille language, distance learning education, educational material

Article Details

How to Cite
Skaraki, E. (2023). Designing educational material to teach Braille to adult educators through the method of distance learning. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 3(1), 602-609.


  1. Anastasiades, P. (2014). Research in e-learning in Greek Primary, Secondary and Higher Education: Review and perspectives. Open Education-The Journal for Open and Distance Education and Educational Technology, 10(1), 5-32.
  2. Ávalos-Gómez, N. A., & Ordaya-Díaz, E. G. (2021). Teachers' perceptions from a school in lima about difficulties in children with visual impairment when learning braille. Revista Electrónica Educare, 25(3), 472-492.
  3. Barianos, A. K., Papadakis, A., & Vidakis, N. (2022). Content manager for serious games: Theoretical framework and digital platform. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(1), 251-262.
  4. Bervell, B., & Umar, I. N. (2020). Blended learning or face-to-face? Does Tutor anxiety prevent the adoption of Learning Management Systems for distance education in Ghana? Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 35(2), 159-177.
  5. Cataudella, S., Carta, S., Mascia, M. L., Masala, C., Petretto, D. R., & Penna, M. P. (2021). Psychological aspects of students with learning disabilities in e-environments: A mini review and future research directions. Frontiers in Psychology, 3712.
  6. Chaldi, D., & Mantzanidou, G. (2021). Educational robotics and STEAM in early childhood education. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 1(2), 72-81.
  7. Dahal, N., Manandhar, N. K., Luitel, L., Luitel, B. C., Pant, B. P., & Shrestha, I. M. (2022). ICT tools for remote teaching and learning mathematics: A proposal for autonomy and engagements. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(1), 289-296.
  8. Depoux, A., Martin, S., Karafillakis, E., Preet, R., Wilder-Smith, A., & Larson, H. (2020). The pandemic of social media panic travels faster than the COVID-19 outbreak. Journal of travel medicine, 27(3), taaa031.
  9. Drolia, M., Papadakis, S., Sifaki, E., & Kalogiannakis, M. (2022). Mobile learning applications for refugees: a systematic literature review. Education Sciences, 12(2), 96.
  10. Ginja, T. G., & Chen, X. (2020). Teacher Educators' Perspectives and Experiences towards Differentiated Instruction. International Journal of Instruction, 13(4), 781-798.
  11. Hoi, S. C., Sahoo, D., Lu, J., & Zhao, P. (2021). Online learning: A comprehensive survey. Neurocomputing, 459, 249-289.
  12. Joksimović, S., Gašević, D., Kovanović, V., Riecke, B. E., & Hatala, M. (2015). Social presence in online discussions as a process predictor of academic performance. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 31(6), 638-654.
  13. Kalogiannakis, M., & Papadakis, S. (2017). A proposal for teaching ScratchJr programming environment in preservice kindergarten teachers. In Proceedings of the 12th Conference of the European Science Education Research Association (ESERA) (pp. 21-25).
  14. Karakose, T., Ozdemir, T. Y., Papadakis, S., Yirci, R., Ozkayran, S. E., & Polat, H. (2022). Investigating the relationships between COVID-19 quality of life, loneliness, happiness, and internet addiction among K-12 teachers and school administrators-a structural equation modeling approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(3), 1052.
  15. Kotera, Y., Green, P., & Sheffield, D. (2019). Mental health attitudes, self-criticism, compassion and role identity among UK social work students. The British Journal of Social Work, 49(2), 351-370.
  16. Lavidas, K., Petropoulou, A., Papadakis, S., Apostolou, Z., Komis, V., Jimoyiannis, A., & Gialamas, V. (2022). Factors affecting response rates of the Web survey with teachers. Computers, 11(9), 127.
  17. Lazarinis, F., Karatrantou, A., Panagiotakopoulos, C., Daloukas, V., & Panagiotakopoulos, T. (2022). Strengthening the coding skills of teachers in a low dropout Python MOOC. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(1), 187-200.
  18. Lionarakis, A. (2005). Open and Distance Education and Learning Procedures. Pedagogical and Technological Applications, Hellenic Open University.
  19. Lionarakis, A. (2020, April). Philosophy, principles and methods of Distance Education. In the Proceedings of the Conference: Distance Education and School Reality.
  20. Maharjan, M., Dahal, N., & Pant, B. P. (2022). ICTs into mathematical instructions for meaningful teaching and learning. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(2), 341-350.
  21. Maksum, A., Wahyuni, E. N., Aziz, R., Hadi, S., & Susanto, D. (2022). Parents' and children's paradoxical perceptions of online learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(2), 321-332.
  22. Moore, M. G. (1986). Learners and Learning at a Distance. Keynote Address to Summer Conference: Improving Teaching at a Distance. University of Wisconsin-Madison.
  23. Papadakis, S. (2021). The impact of coding apps to support young children in computational thinking and computational fluency. A literature review. In Frontiers in Education (p. 183). Frontiers.
  24. Papadakis, S., & Kalogiannakis, M. (2017). Evaluation of Greek Android mobile applications for preschoolers. Preschool and Primary Education, 5(2), 65-100.
  25. Papadakis, S., Vaiopoulou, J., Sifaki, E., Stamovlasis, D., Kalogiannakis, M., & Vassilakis, K. (2021). Factors That Hinder in-Service Teachers from Incorporating Educational Robotics into Their Daily or Future Teaching Practice. In CSEDU (2) (pp. 55-63).
  26. Petousi, V., & Sifaki, E. (2020). Contextualising harm in the framework of research misconduct. Findings from discourse analysis of scientific publications. International Journal of Sustainable Development, 23(3-4), 149-174.
  27. Qureshi, A., & Qureshi, N. (2021). Challenges and issues of STEM education. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 1(2), 146-161.
  28. Rossi, F. (2009). Increased competition and diversity in higher education: An empirical analysis of the Italian university system. Higher Education Policy, 22(4), 389-413.
  29. Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., & Zvacek, S. (2015). Teaching and learning at a distance: Foundations of distance education Charlotte. NC: IAP.
  30. Skaraki, E., & Kolokotronis, F. (2022). Preschool and early primary school age children learning of computational thinking through the use of asynchronous learning environments in the age of Covid-19. Advances in Mobile Learning Educational Research, 2(1), 180-186.
  31. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education. (2020). Right to education: Impact of the coronavirus disease crisis on the right to education- Concerns, challenges and opportunities.
  32. Tzimogiannis, A. (2017). E-Learning: Theoretical Approaches and Educational Designs. Athens: ed. Kritiki.
  33. World Health Organization. (2022). Disability.
  34. Yazıcı Arıcı, E., Keskin, H. K., Papadakis, S., & Kalogiannakis, M. (2022). Evaluation of Children's Discourses Regarding Imaginary Companion: The Case of Türkiye. Sustainability, 14(24), 16608.